Yorkshire Dales

© Craven & Pendle Geological Society

National Parks in the north of England

Yorkshire Dales National Park is an area of outstanding natural beauty and home to many spectacular geological features such as the angular unconformity at Ingleton (Thornton Force) and dramatic karst scenery around Malham i.e. Malham Cove and Gordale Scar. The village of Dent in the heart of the Yorkshire Dales is the birthplace of Adam Sedgwick who was one of the pioneering fathers' of modern geology. There is a granite memorial to Sedgwick on the high street and a Sedgwick Geological Trail. Another well known village is Grassington in the Wharfedale valley where lead mining activities have been well documented. Many artefacts associated with the Yorkshire Dales lead mining industry are on permanent display locally in Earby's Museum of Yorkshire Dales Lead Mining. One such exhibit is the only preserved example of a waterwheel-powered ore crusher in the Yorkshire Dales.

In contrast to the scenery dominated by Great Scar Limestone, the Craven Basin of north-west England is an extensive area of significantly deeper water limestones and shales. From the southern edge of the Lake District to the flanks of Pendle Hill, you are transported through an amazing variety of rock types typical of carbonate platforms, ramps, slopes and basins. Bentham, in the northern part of the Lancaster Fells, is the locality where you can view a rather unique set of marine Namurian sequences. Two sections of particular interest are at Eskew Beck and Low Bentham Wier, in Low Bentham.

Although the Yorkshire Dales National Park is "on our doorstep", we are also in close proximity to other areas of outstanding natural beauty as depicted on the map above.