1865 to 1902
Measurement: 1 yard approximates to 1 metre 3 feet (foot) approximates to 1 metre (1 yard)
Colliery Pit Head
(photo courtesy of Towneley Hall). The development of this colliery began on April 6th 1865 by the Exors of John Hargreaves.
By 1869 the first significant strike was made at the Dandy Mine followed by the Arley Mine a further 40 yards down.
The Arley Mine is 4 feet thick (125 cm) and was one of the most important seams in the Burnley Coalfield. On December 11th 1869 the Arley Mine made it into the local newspaper: "The first coals were hacked out by a man named William Fanny, and the honour of raising the first tub of coal went to John Hudson, alias 'Old Mal'."
The first shafts were called Number One and Number Two. During the sinking of No.1 and No.2 shafts the pit claimed its first victim: Burnley Advertiser, January 16th 1869:- "Man killed - On Thursday forenoon, Henry Simpson, who resides about Gannow Lane was at work in the shaft of the new colliery, Burnley Lane, and when reaching out to lay some portion of his work he slipped and fell to the bottom. The distance was about 14-15 yards (roughly equivalent in metres). He was killed by the fall and he leaves a wife and ten children".